Category Archives: My SQL

MySQL SET

A SET is a string object that can have zero or more values, each of which must be chosen from a list of permitted values specified when the table is created. SET column values that consist of multiple set members are specified with members separated by commas (“,”). A consequence of this is that SET member values should not themselves contain commas.

Example

mysql> CREATE TABLE myset (col SET(‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, ‘d’));
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.43 sec)

mysql> select * from myset;
Empty set (0.20 sec)

mysql> insert into myset value(‘p’);
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.23 sec)

mysql> select * from myset;
+——+
| col |
+——+
| |
+——+
1 row in set (0.10 sec)

mysql> insert into myset value(‘a’);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.18 sec)

mysql> select * from myset;
+——+
| col |
+——+
| |
| a |
+——+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> insert into myset value(‘p,a’);
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.07 sec)

mysql> select * from myset;
+——+
| col |
+——+
| |
| a |
| a |
+——+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL CHAR And VARCHAR

Following are the differences between CHAR and VARCHAR:

  • CHAR and VARCHAR types differ in storage and retrieval
  • CHAR column length is fixed to the length that is declared while creating table. The length value ranges from 1 and 255
  • When CHAR values are stored then they are right padded using spaces to specific length. Trailing spaces are removed when CHAR values are retrieved.

MySQL REGEXP

A regular expression is a powerful way of specifying a pattern for a complex search.

MySQL uses Henry Spencer’s implementation of regular expressions, which is aimed at conformance with POSIX 1003.2. MySQL uses the extended version to support pattern-matching operations performed with the REGEXP operator in SQL statements.

MySQL Features

The following list shows the most important properties of MySQL.

  • Clients and Tools
  • Localization
  • Connectivity
  • Scalability and Limits
  • Security
  • Data Types
  • Client/Server Architecture
  • Stored procedures
  • Views
  • SubSELECTs
  • SQL compatibility
  • Triggers
  • Unicode
  • User interface
  • Full-text search
  • Replication
  • Transactions
  • Foreign key constraints
  • GIS functions
  • Programming languages
  • ODBC
  • Platform independence
  • Speed
  • Relational Database System