Tag Archives: nginx

NginX PHP-FPM CentOS

This article assume that Nginx is installed in your server and its up and running.Lest install NginX

Update the repository

yum update -y

Install the EPEL repository

yum install epel-release -y

Install Dependencies

yum install -y git gcc gcc-c++ libxml2-devel pkgconfig openssl-devel bzip2-devel curl-devel libpng-devel libjpeg-devel libXpm-devel freetype-devel gmp-devel libmcrypt-devel mariadb-devel aspell-devel recode-devel autoconf bison re2c libicu-devel libxslt-devel libxslt

Get The PHP Source

curl -O -L https://github.com/php/php-src/archive/php-7.1.18.tar.gz
tar -xvf php-7.1.18.tar.gz
cd php-src-php-7.1.18/
Compile Source Code 

./buildconf --force

./configure --prefix=/etc/php --with-config-file-path=/etc/php/etc --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php/etc/conf.d --enable-bcmath --with-bz2 --with-curl --enable-filter --enable-fpm --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --enable-intl --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --enable-mysqlnd --with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-pdo-sqlite --disable-phpdbg --disable-phpdbg-webhelper --enable-opcache --with-openssl --enable-simplexml --with-sqlite3 --enable-xmlreader --enable-xmlwriter --enable-zip --with-zlib --enable-soap --with-xsl

make
make install

Add PHP to $PATH

echo 'pathmunge /etc/php/bin' > /etc/profile.d/php.sh

Copy php.ini

cp php.ini-development /etc/php/lib/php.ini

Add module opcache

vi /etc/php/etc/conf.d/modules.ini

and add 'zend_extension=opcache.so'

PHP FPM SET UP

mkdir /etc/php/etc/conf.d

cp sapi/fpm/www.conf /etc/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

cp sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf /etc/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

Update PHP FPM configuration

vi /etc/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

user = nobody
group = nobody

listen.owner = nginx
listen.group = nginx

listen = /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock

Create a symlink for php-fpm to the standard path

ln -s /etc/php/sbin/php-fpm /usr/sbin/php-fpm

Create a systemctl file add the following:

vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service

[Unit]
Description=The PHP FastCGI Process Manager
After=syslog.target network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
PIDFile=/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.pid
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/php-fpm --nodaemonize --fpm-config /etc/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
ExecReload=/bin/kill -USR2 $MAINPID

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Create a run directory for php-fpm:

mkdir /run/php-fpm

Start php-fpm and Restart NginX

systemctl start php-fpm

service nginx restart

Create index.php

mv /etc/nginx/html/index.html /etc/nginx/html/index.php

Update nginx.con file with the followinf content

root /etc/nginx/html;
index index.php index.html index.htm;

location ~ \.php$ {
try_files $uri =404;
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}

Load URL

http://127.0.0.1/

 

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Install NginX CentOS From Source

Update the repository

yum update -y

Install the EPEL repository

yum install epel-release -y

Install dependencies from yum

yum install -y zlib zlib-devel pcre prce-devel openssl openssl-devel

Get the Nginx packages to install

cd /usr/src
wget https://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz
tar xvf nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.14.0

Create user nginx

useradd -d /etc/nginx/ -s /sbin/nologin nginx

Configure

./configure --user=nginx --group=nginx --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-pcre --with-file-aio --with-http_realip_module --without-http_scgi_module --without-http_uwsgi_module --with-http_realip_module

Compile and Install

make
make install

Verify NginX is installed

nginx -v

Add systemd service file

vi /etc/systemd/system/nginx.service

[Unit]
Description=The NGINX HTTP and reverse proxy server
After=syslog.target network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/var/run/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx
ExecReload=/usr/sbin/nginx -s reload
ExecStop=/bin/kill -s QUIT $MAINPID
PrivateTmp=true

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Enable and start service

systemctl enable nginx
systemctl start nginx

Check nginx is processing your request

On commandline

curl localhost

Browser

Make sure port 80 is enabled.

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=80/tcp --permanent && firewall-cmd --reload

Findout the ip

ip addr

Load the site using the URL and it should display ‘Welcome to nginx!’ message.

http://127.0.0.1/

 

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Install NginX CentOS 7

Add Nginx Repository

To add the CentOS 7 EPEL repository, open terminal and use the following command:

sudo yum install epel-release

Install Nginx

Now that the Nginx repository is installed on your server, install Nginx using the following yum command:

sudo yum install nginx -y

Start Nginx

Nginx does not start on its own. To get Nginx running, type:

sudo systemctl start nginx

If you are running a firewall, run the following commands to allow HTTP and HTTPS traffic:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

You can do a spot check right away to verify that everything went as planned by visiting your server’s public IP address in your web browser (see the note under the next heading to find out what your public IP address is if you do not have this information already):

http://server_domain_name_or_IP/

Before continuing, you will probably want to enable Nginx to start when your system boots. To do so, enter the following command:

sudo systemctl enable nginx
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Magento 2 Enable Redis

Install Redis.

And then edit app/etc/env.php to configure Magento to use Redis for session storage, default and page caching.

'session' =>
array (
'save' => 'redis',
'redis' =>
array (
'host' => '127.0.0.1',
'port' => '6379',
'password' => '',
'timeout' => '2.5',
'persistent_identifier' => '',
'database' => '2',
'compression_threshold' => '2048',
'compression_library' => 'gzip',
'log_level' => '1',
'max_concurrency' => '6',
'break_after_frontend' => '5',
'break_after_adminhtml' => '30',
'first_lifetime' => '600',
'bot_first_lifetime' => '60',
'bot_lifetime' => '7200',
'disable_locking' => '0',
'min_lifetime' => '60',
'max_lifetime' => '2592000'
)
),
'cache' =>
array(
'frontend' =>
array(
'default' =>
array(
'backend' => 'Cm_Cache_Backend_Redis',
'backend_options' =>
array(
'server' => '127.0.0.1',
'database' => '0',
'port' => '6379'
),
),
'page_cache' =>
array(
'backend' => 'Cm_Cache_Backend_Redis',
'backend_options' =>
array(
'server' => '127.0.0.1',
'port' => '6379',
'database' => '1',
'compress_data' => '0'
)
)
)
),
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nginx

nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, a mail proxy server, and a generic TCP proxy server, originally written by Igor Sysoev. For a long time, it has been running on many heavily loaded Russian sites including Yandex, Mail.Ru, VK, and Rambler. According to Netcraft, nginx served or proxied 21.64% busiest sites in May 2015.

Nginx (pronounced engine-x) is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP server and reverse proxy, as well as an IMAP/POP3 proxy server. Igor Sysoev started development of Nginx in 2002, with the first public release in 2004. Nginx now hosts nearly 12.18% (22.2M) of active sites across all domains. Nginx is known for its high performance, stability, rich feature set, simple configuration, and low resource consumption.

Nginx is one of a handful of servers written to address the C10K problem. Unlike traditional servers, Nginx doesn’t rely on threads to handle requests. Instead it uses a much more scalable event-driven (asynchronous) architecture. This architecture uses small, but more importantly, predictable amounts of memory under load.
Even if you don’t expect to handle thousands of simultaneous requests, you can still benefit from Nginx’s high-performance and small memory footprint. Nginx scales in all directions: from the smallest VPS all the way up to clusters of servers.

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