Subversion, CVS, and many other version control systems use a copy-modify-merge model as an alternative to locking. In this model, each user’s client contacts the project repository and creates a personal working copy—a local reflection of the repository’s files and directories. Users then work simultaneously and independently, modifying their private copies. Finally, the private copies are merged together into a new, final version. The version control system often assists with the merging, but ultimately, a human being is responsible for making it happen correctly.